But donating an organ can expose a healthy person to the risk of and recovery from unnecessary major surgery. Immediate, surgery-related risks of organ donation include pain, infection, hernia, bleeding, blood clots, wound complications and, in rare cases, death.
What is the problem with organ donation?
Most people who have an organ transplant live a pretty normal life. But organ transplants can still lead to other medical problems. This is usually because of the medicines needed to suppress the immune system so it doesn’t “fight” the donor organ. These problems range from the annoying to the life-threatening.
What is the biggest reason that people choose not to donate organs?
The most common reasons cited for not wanting to donate organs were mistrust (of doctors, hospitals, and the organ allocation system), a belief in a black market for organs in the United States, and deservingness issues (that one’s organs would go to someone who brought on his or her own illness, or who could be a “bad …
What is the most donated organ?
In the United States, the most commonly transplanted organs are the kidney, liver, heart, lungs, pancreas and intestines.
How is organ donation an ethical issue?
Major ethical concerns about organ donation by living related donors focus on the possibility of undue influence and emotional pressure and coercion. By contrast, the living unrelated donor lacks genetic ties to the recipient.
What is PHS risk?
Background: The Public Health Service “Increased Risk” (PHS IR) designation identifies donors at increased risk of transmitting hepatitis B, C, and human immunodeficiency virus.
What is a high risk liver donor?
A donor who was in prison, used IV drugs or had sex with a high-risk partner within the past year. These donors may have a higher risk of transmitting HIV, hepatitis C or hepatitis B. We test for these viruses, but if the patient has recently become infected the test may not detect them.
What is the risk of organ transplant?
Organ transplantation, unlike blood transfusion, involves major surgery, the use of drugs to suppress the immune system (immunosuppressants, including corticosteroids), and the possibility of infection, transplant rejection, and other serious complications, including death.
Can your organs be donated without consent?
The United States’ system for organ procurement operates under a model of expressed consent. This means that an individual will not be an organ donor unless he or she explicitly states otherwise.
What religions do not allow organ donation?
No religion forbid this practice. Directed organ donation to people of the same religion has been proposed only by some Orthodox Jews and some Islamic Ulemas/Muftis. Only some Muslim Ulemas/Muftis and some Asian religions may prefer living donation over cadaveric donation.