Brain death is permanent and irreversible. It is a legal definition of death. However, the vital organs such as the heart, lungs, liver, pancreas and kidneys can be kept viable for a few days if supported by artificial or mechanical support.
Which organs can be donated after brain death?
HOW IS BRAIN DEATH RELATED TO ORGAN DONATION? If the body of a brain dead person is kept on a ventilator, the heart may continue to beat for 2-3 days, and keep vital organs such as the liver and kidney alive for this time period. These organs can be surgically removed for donation.
What is a brain dead organ donor?
Brain Death and Organ Donation
Most deceased organ donors are brain dead. They have suffered complete and irreversible loss of all brain function and are clinically and legally dead. Mechanical ventilation and medications keeps their heart beating and blood flowing to their organs.
Why is brain death suitable for organ donation?
In a patient who has lost all brain function, the blood is still circulating to organs other than the brain. In this situation there is usually plenty of time to organise organ donation. This allows the family to spend more time with the patient who has died, before the organ donation operation takes place.
Is it ethical to harvest organs from brain dead patients?
With regard to the ethical justification, Truog and Miller note that it may be “perfectly ethical to remove vital organs for transplantation” from patients deemed dead via neurological criteria (ie, brain dead), but the “reason it is ethical cannot be that we are convinced they are really dead.”1 Truog and Miller argue …
Do brain dead patients feel pain?
Does an individual feel any pain or suffer after brain death is declared? No. When someone is dead, there is no feeling of pain or suffering.
How many lives can brain dead organ donors save?
One donor can potentially save or enhance the lives of more than 100 people.
Can a brain be transplanted?
Theoretically, a person with advanced organ failure could be given a new and functional body while keeping their own personality, memories, and consciousness through such a procedure. No human brain transplant has ever been conducted.
Can a brain dead donate blood?
In brain death, there is no brain activity. Can anyone be an organ donor? Because organ donation occurs in a hospital, and only with patients who are declared either brain or cardiac deceased, organ donation is a rare opportunity that is given to approximately four percent of the population.
How do you declare brain death?
For a diagnosis of brain death:
- a person must be unconscious and fail to respond to outside stimulation.
- a person’s heartbeat and breathing can only be maintained using a ventilator.
- there must be clear evidence that serious brain damage has occurred and it cannot be cured.
How do you manage brain death?
Corticosteroids. High doses of corticosteroids may reduce brain death-induced inflammation and help to modulate immune function, thereby improving donor organ quality and post-transplant graft function . Therefore, treating brain-dead donors with corticosteroids is often recommended [5,74].
Why people shouldn’t be organ donors?
The most common reasons cited for not wanting to donate organs were mistrust (of doctors, hospitals, and the organ allocation system), a belief in a black market for organs in the United States, and deservingness issues (that one’s organs would go to someone who brought on his or her own illness, or who could be a “bad …
Is the dead donor rule a law?
The “Dead Donor Rule” (DDR) lies at the heart of current organ procurement policy.  It is not a legal statute; rather, it reflects the widely held belief that it is wrong to kill one person to save the life of another. On those grounds, an organ donor must already be dead before vital organs are removed.